SPECIAL NEEDS EDUCATION AND INTEGRATED EDUCATION
- Integrated Education
- Integrated Teaching and Integrated Education
- For children and young people with or without disabilities
- Possibility of creating a shared learning experience
- Special schools
- Specially-trained special school teachers
- Individual teaching methods
- Aim: To enable pupils to cope with the next stage of vocational education or to attend additional forms of education
Integrated teaching and integrated education provide disabled and non-disabled children with an opportunity to receive a shared learning experience. Pupils with special educational needs can receive integrated teaching in a Kindergarten, Primary School, New Secondary School, Academic Secondary School Lower Level, Pre-vocational School (Polytechnische Schule) and the one-year Home Economics school.
Special school (from the ages of 6 to 15 years)
Special School encompasses nine school years. The final year is the Pre-Vocational Year. With the approval of the school authority and with the consent of the body operating the school, the special school may be attended for a maximum of 12 years. Special school education in Austria is made up of eleven types: General Special Schools (for pupils with learning difficulties), Special Schools for pupils who are physically disabled, have speech disorders, are partially deaf, completely deaf, visually impaired or blind, Special Educational Schools (for difficult-to-educate children), Special Schools for severely disabled children, Special Schools for children with multiple disabilities and Places of Treatment Schools (Heilstättenschulen) (inside hospitals).
Specially trained special school teachers and individual teaching methods are used to provide pupils with a basic general education that is intended to enable the pupil to cope with his/her further vocational training or to attend a more advanced type of school.
We can distinguish between the following types of Special School, depending on the format of the curriculum that is offered:
- Special Schools with their own curriculum:
General Special Schools (for pupils with learning difficulties), Special Schools for pupils who are blind, Special Schools for children who are deaf, Special Schools for severely disabled children, Special Schools for difficult-to-educate children (Special Educational School).
- Special Schools whose provision is in accordance with the curriculum offered in the Primary School, New Secondary School, Pre-vocational School (Polytechnische Schule)or in accordance with the curriculum of a different type of Special School: Special Schools for children who are physically disabled, have speech disorders, are visually impaired or partially deaf; Places of Treatment Schools
Educational and careers guidance
In 1998, the subject area "Vocational orientation in the Years 7 and 8 of school-based education" was introduced as a compulsory exercise in Special Schools. This compulsory exercise is intended to enable the young people to consider their own personal development, inclinations and interests, together with their vocational aspirations in a targeted way. It is also intended to provide insights into everyday life in the workplace and enable young people to identify opportunities for them to pursue the individual career they desire.
The next step:
These are some of the opportunities that are available to young people after completing their Special School education or integrated education:
- Completion of the Pre-Vocational Year as their ninth year of education, in preparation for the world of work. After that, it would be possible for them to commence an apprenticeship, in the context of an integrated vocational programme.