SCHOOL FOR INTERMEDIATE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION (BMS)
- Lasts 1 to 4 years
- Depending on the duration of training of (partially) completed vocational training
- Further training courses (three years) up to the Higher Education Entrance Examination and Diploma examination, after completing a programme lasting at least three years at a School for Intermediate Vocational Education (BMS)
- Successful completion of the New Secondary School, or the Academic Secondary School, Lower Level is required.
School for Intermediate Vocational Education (BMS) generally lasts from one to four years. Attendance a BMS for one or two years will provide a partial vocational training, whilst attending for three or four years, including a final examination, will provide a completed programme of vocational training. Young people completing this type of education will be subject to the relevant entitlements laid down in the Trade and Industry Code (Gewerbeordnung).
After completing a period of at least three years at the School for Intermediate Vocational Education (BMS), young people will take additional courses (for three years), leading to the Reifeprüfung and diploma examination. Young people completing the four-year School for Intermediate Vocational Education (BMS) are able to attend special forms of trade-relevant Post-secondary VET Courses.
In order to attend special forms of education of that type, it is necessary to have successfully completed the 4th year/8th year of education at a Secondary School, New Secondary School or Academic Secondary School (with the exception of Latin, Geometrical Drawing and compulsory subjects for one's area of focus - Schwerpunktpflichtgegenstände).
In order to be admitted to a programme at a School for Intermediate Vocational Education (BMS), a young person completing the 4th year of a Secondary School is also required to complete an entry examination in German, English or Mathematics, if he/she had been in the lowest-performing stream for the subject concerned. After successfully attending Pre-vocational School (Polytechnische Schule), no entry examination is required.
The most important types of Schools for Intermediate Vocational Education (BMS):
- Technical, Trade or Artistic Trade Schools (three or four years)
- Commercial school, Practical Commercial School (three years)
- Specialist School for Commercial Professions (three years)
- Specialist School of Fashion (three-year)
- Hotel School, Tourism School, Hospitality Trades School (three years)
- Schools for Social Professions (three-year)
- Federal Sport Academy (three years)
- Schools for Social Care Professions (two to four years):
(admission from the age of 17 or 19 years)
- Schools for Healthcare and Nursing (three years)
(admission from the age of 16 or 17 years)
- Agricultural and Forestry Schools (two to four years)
- Social Services School (two years)
- Commercial School (one to two years)
The next step:
In addition to taking up a post of employment in a particular specialist area, there is also a variety of opportunities to obtain higher level qualifications and undertake further training:
- Immediate employment in a specialist area
- An Add-on Course in the relevant specialist area, in order to obtain the Higher Education Entrance Examination or Diploma examination Reifeprüfung and Diploma examination
- Higher Education Entrance Examination
- Post-secondary VET Course for young people who have completed four years at the School for Intermediate Vocational Education (BMS)
- The Apprenticeship Examination (in training professions in the young person's own specialist area, he/she will mostly be granted exemptions by virtue of the period of training already spent, whilst in related training professions, periods of training already spent will be credited).
- Limited Higher Education Entrance Qualification
- Attendance at a University of Applied Sciences, based upon evidence of professional practice